Pakistan steel industry
Steel Industry after Pakistan Independence
After independence in 1947, it did not take
long for Pakistan to come to the realization that progressive
industrial and economical development would be impossible
without the possession of a self reliant iron and steel making
plant. The dependence on imports would cause serious setbacks to
the country along with an extortionately high import bill which
would be impossible to support.
The initial idea for a domestic iron and
steel mill was put forward in the first five year plan of
Pakistan (1955 - 1960). Debates over the manufacturing process,
supply sources of the requisite machinery and raw materials,
plant site, domestic ore versus imported ore, ownership pattern,
product mix and above all foreign financing credit kept the
project on hold for a considerable time.
In 1968 besides other factors, it was
considered by the Government of Pakistan that a basic steel
industry should be established in the public sector, as public
sponsorship of the project would enable integrated development
of the steel industry in the country. In light of this, the
government decided that the Karachi Steel Project should be
sponsored in the public sector for which a separate Corporation
under the Companies Act be formed.
Pakistan Steel Mills
In January, 1969,
Pakistan Steel concluded an agreement with V/O Tiajproexport of
the then USSR for the preparation of a feasibility report into
the establishment of a steel mill at Karachi. Subsequently in
January, 1971 Pakistan and the USSR signed an agreement under
which the latter agreed to provide techno-financial assistance
for the construction of a coastal based integrated steel mill at
The foundation stone for this gigantic
project was laid on the 30th of December, 1973. The mammoth
construction and erection work of the integrated steel mill,
never experienced before in the country, was carried out by a
consortium of Pakistani construction companies under the
supervision of Soviet experts.
Foundation stone of Pakistan Steel was laid on 30th December,
1973. Pakistan Steel is Pakistan's largest
industrial complex, comprising component units numbering more
than 20. Pakistan Steel is strategically located 40km
south east of Karachi in close vicinity to port Muhammed Bin
Qasim. Pakistan Steel is a costal site which lies on the
National Highway and is linked to the railway network. Spread
overan area of 18,600 acres (29 square miles) with 10,390 acres
for the main plant, 8070 acres for the township and 200 acres
for the water reservoir.
Pakistan Steel specialize in the production of
flat steel products including, billets, slabs, hot rolled coils,
cold rolled coils, galvanised sheets/coils/formed sections and
corrugated sheets. We are vital to the supply of high quality
and cost effective steel products to the domestic market.
Pakistan Steel's constant efforts in continuous improvement and
quality management have resulted in
accreditation in ISO 9001, 14001, 17025, SA 8000 and OHSAS
Some Facts about Pakistan Steel Mill.
Organization Name: Pakistan Steel
Mills Corporation (PVT) LTD.
Foundation Stone: Laid on 30th December, 1973
Location: 40 km East of Karachi
Production Capacity: 1.1 Million Ton of Steel
Expandable upto 3.0 Million Ton per annum.
Main Products: Coke, Pig Iron, Billets, Cold Rolled
Sheets, Hot Rolled Sheets, Galvanized Sheets.
|Coke Oven & By
||02 Batteries each contains 49 ovens
||02 sinter Machines
Cast Bloom, Cast
Billet, Cast Slab
01 Bloom Caster
01 Billet Caster
02 Slab Casters
800 mm Reversible Stand
|Hot Strip Mill
H.R.Coils / Plates
Reheating Furnaces 1700 mm Universal stand
||C.R. Coils /
Sheets,Galvanized,Coils / sheets, H.R. Sheets
||Four high reversible machines 01 bell
type Annealing furnace
Plant & Turbo Blower Station
||3 Generators of 55 mw each
|Iron Ore & Coal
27.5 ton lifting capacity and 1000 ton/hour unloading
||02 unloader which 7km conveyor belt
upto plant for dumping through universal machines
Steell Mills in Private Sector
About 15 Arc furnaces of capacity 5 mt were
installed in the private sector in early 70's and they have
started their production to support Pakistan Steel Mills in
producing steel in the country. And now, there are more than
140 steel melting induction furnaces installed
in different areas of Pakistan who are producing good quality
steel to meet Pakistan's steel requirments.
As Arc furnaces are expensive and takes longer production time
than Induction furnaces, so most of the private sector is
shifted to Induction furnaces. Private factories are now
producing steel with latest technology induction furnaces and
they are trying their best to compete the international market.
Pakistan Steel mills is producing
about 1 million ton per year steel where private sector is
producing 30 million ( including billet, rebars, channel and
angle etc) The other requirements are fulfilled with ship
breaking and other steel products.
Other Steel Related Development in Pakistan
People steel, Karachi is also one of the
founders in steel industry. Now they have Arc and induction
furnaces and producing different rolled products.
Now Saudi Arabia has also invested in the Pakistan Steel
industry through renown company
"Al-Tuwairqi Steel Mills". They are installing
the billet caster of about 1 million mt per year.
Pakistan Steel is also utilizing the available deposits of Iron
ore in Pakistan with small quantity and after Al-Tuwairqi
install their plant, they will use the available deposits of
iron ore in Pakistan will also utilize these deposits.
The other private factories are working to utilize the available
resources of iron ore in Pakistan and Inshallah very they will
provide a better result of it to the Pakistan Steel Industry and
the requirement of steel in Pakistan will be fulfilled.